Baltimore Oriole

Baltimore Oriole / Icterus galbula

Baltimore Oriole

Here the details of the Baltimore Oriole named bird below:

SCI Name:  Icterus galbula
Protonym:  C.[oracias] Galbula Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.108
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Icteridae /
Taxonomy Code:  balori
Type Locality:  America; restricted to Virginia by Amer. Ornith. Union, 1931, Check-hst North Amer. Birds, ed. 4, p. 307.
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  


(Icteridae; Ϯ Venezuelan Troupial I. icterus) L. icterus Golden Oriole < Gr. ικτερος ikteros  yellow bird, perhaps the Golden Oriole, the sight of which was supposed to cure jaundice; "Genus Icteri.(1) ...  (1) Icterus, a colore luteo plurimarum hujus generis specierum ...  Le genre du Troupiale.(1)  ...  (1) Troupiale, nom qu'on donne en Amérique à quelques especes de ce genre  ...  ICTERUS" (Brisson 1760): based on "Guira-Tangeima Brasiliensibus" of Marcgrave 1648, "Xanthornus major, nigro varius" of Browne 1725, "Pica luteo-nigra varia" of Sloane 1725, and Klein 1750, "Picus major ... nidum suspendens" of Barrére 1741, "Yellow and Black Pye" of Catesby 1731, "Cissa Americana" of Barrère 1745, "Cissa nigra cirrata, cauda lutea" of Linnaeus 1748, and other references; "Icterus Brisson, 1760, Ornithologie, 1, p. 30; 2, p. 85. Type, by tautonymy, Icterus Brisson = Oriolus icterus Linnaeus." (Blake in Peters 1968, XIV, 149). The bright-orange Venezuelan Troupial is a declining species, thanks to trapping for the cage-bird market.   
Synon. Andriopsar, Aporophantes, Ateleopsar, Bananivorus, Cassiculoides, Euopsar, Icterioides, Melanopsar, Pendulinus, Poliopsar, Rhyndace, Trupialis, Xanthornus, Yphantes.

L. icterus Golden Oriole < Gr. ικτερος ikteros yellow bird.
● ex “Troupiale” of Brisson 1760 (Icterus).
● ex “Pie-grièche Blanchot” of Levaillant 1810, pl. 285 (syn. Malaconotus blanchoti).
● Gr. ικτερος ikteros jaundice-yellow (syn. Ochrospiza mozambica).

(Galbulidae; Green-tailed Jacamar G. galbula) L. galbulus  small yellowish bird, subsequently identified as a type of ‘woodpecker’ that builds a pendulous nest, and thus associated with the Golden Oriole  < dim. galbina small yellow bird  < galbus  oriole, yellow; "Le nom de galbula, transporté à ce genre, désignait chez les Latins le loriot [Oriolus]" (Lesson 1830); "Galbula. Genus 48.  ...  Le genre du Jacamar (1)  ...  (1) Jacamar, nom formé de Jacamaciri, qui est celui que les Brasiliens donnent à la premiere espece de ce genre  ...  Genus Galbulæ (1)  ...  (1) Galbula, nomen primæ hujus generis speciei a Moehringio inditum" (Brisson 1760): based on "Jacamaciri" of Marcgrave 1648, and Piso 1658, "Picus Brasiliensis" of Klein 1750, and "Galbula" of Moehring 1752; "Galbula Brisson, Orn., 1, 1760, p. 42; 4, p. 86. Type, by tautonymy, Galbula = Alcedo galbula Linné." (Peters, 1948, VI, p. 5).  
Synon. Auga, Caucalias, Chalcophanes, Psilopornis, Urocex, Urogalba.
• (Oriolidaesyn. Oriolus European Golden Oriole O. oriolus) Specific name Oriolus galbula Linnaeus, 1766 (= syn. Oriolus oriolus); "*393. GALBVLA. WILLVGS.  Rostrum rectum, attenuatum, subtetragonum. Lingua brevis. Digiti antici tres.  ORIOLVS Galbula LINN." (Scopoli 1777); "Galbula "Willughby" Scopoli, 1777, Introductio ad Historiam Naturalem, p. 480.  Type, by monotypy and tautonymy, Oriolus galbula Linnaeus, 1766 = Coracias oriolus Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2021).
Var. Galbulus.

L. galbulus  small yellowish bird, subsequently identified as a type of ‘woodpecker’ that builds a pendulous nest, and thus associated with the Golden Oriole < dim. galbina small yellow bird  < galbus  oriole, yellow.
● ex “Jacamaciri of Marcgrave” of Edwards 1751 (Galbula).
● “This gold-coloured bird I have only seen in Virginia and Maryland ... It is said to have its name from the Lord Baltimore’s Coat of Arms ... his Lordship being a proprietor in those countries ... Its nest is built in a particular manner, supported only by two twigs fixed to the verge of the nest, and hanging most commonly at the extremity of a bough” (Catesby 1731); 49. CORACIAS.  ...  Galbula.  4. C. fulva, capite dorso remigibusque nigris.  Icterus ex aureo nigroque varius. Catesb. car. I. p. 48. t. 48.  Habitat in America." (Linnaeus 1758) (Icterus).